US History Ch. 20

Who was the first cabinet member in American history to be convicted of a felony—for accepting nearly $500,000 from businessmen to whom he leased government oil reserves at Teapot Dome, Wyoming? Albert Fall
President Herbert Hoover’s 1932 Reconstruction Finance Corporation did all of the following, except offered direct relief to the unemployed.
Who said, “the chief business of the American people is business”? Calvin Coolidge
Which of the following was not an underlying cause of the stock market crash of 1929? Runaway inflation triggered by high union wages had undermined prosperity.
Which of the following was not an important cultural trend in 1920s America? a growing respect for newly arrived immigrants
The vibrant black culture in 1920s New York City that included poets and novelists Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, and Claude McKay was called the Harlem Renaissance
Which was not a consumer good in the 1920s? televisions
Upon taking office in 1921, Warren G. Harding promised a return to normalcy
In what legal case did Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., declare that the First Amendment did not prevent Congress from prohibiting speech that presented a “clear and present danger”? Shenck v. U.S.
During the 1920s, a group whose most well-known leader was Billy Sunday and who asserted their conviction in the literal truth of the Bible became known by which term that they coined? fundamentalists
Which of the following was not a part of the Republican political perspective during the 1920s? Government regulation of personal behavior does more harm than good.
The 1922 self-imposed guidelines in the film industry that prohibited depicting adultery, nudity, and long kisses, and barred scripts that portrayed clergymen in a negative light was called the Hays Code
The open shop—a workplace free of unions (except, in some cases, “company unions”) and free of government regulation—was part of the employer-backed American Plan
Who won the presidential election of 1928? Herbert Hoover
Who were the two immigrants whose case became a cause célèbre, who were arrested for their participation in a robbery in which a security guard was killed? Nicola Sacco and Bartholomeo Vanzetti
Which of the following was not a cause of the Great Depression that began in October 1929? drastic tariff reductions
Which of the following was not a common means of survival for out-of work Americans during the opening years of the Great Depression? drawing federal unemployment benefits
Which of the following series of events is listed in proper sequence? Herbert Hoover victory over Alfred E. Smith; stock market crash; Hawley-Smoot tariff; creation of Reconstruction Finance Corporation
In early 1929, the income of the wealthiest five percent of American families was greater than that of the bottom 60 percent
Production of the automobile in the 1920s tripled
The proposed constitutional amendment to eliminate all legal distinctions “on account of sex” promoted by Alice Paul was the Equal Rights Amendment
In 1925, what was the Tennessee trial in which a public school teacher faced charges of violating the state’s law prohibiting the teaching of Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution? the Scopes trial
The West’s leading industrial center, a producer of oil, automobiles, aircraft, and Hollywood movies, was Los Angeles, CA
An attorney renowned for his contributions to the causes of labor, racial equality, and civil liberties was Clarence Darrow
The anti-black, anti-Catholic, and anti-Semitic organization that claimed over 3 million members by the mid-1920s was the Ku Klux Klan

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