US History chapter 17

Confederacy A confederacy is loose union of independent states. It was the name of government used by the southern states that seceded during the Civil War in 1861-1865.
Conscription Act Enacted in April of 1862 during the Civil War, the United States Conscription Act subjected all white males between the ages of eighteen and thirty-five to military service for three years. The act was repealed in 1863.
Compare the two armies (leaders, numbers, supplies) The regular army of the United States (the Union) was made up of between 1,550,000 and 2,200,000 soldiers – both drafted and volunteer. The Confederate army was made up entirely of 600,000 to 1,400,000 volunteer soldiers. Among the Union leaders were Philip Sheridan and Winfield Scott, and Robert E. Lee was a leader of the Confederate army. Both sides used similar weapons, such as swords and bayonets. As the war dragged on, the Confederates began running out of weapons, ammunition, clothes, and food.
Emancipation Proclamation Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862. It freed all the slaves in the Confederate states, but slaves in Border States loyal to the Union remained enslaved. It only applied to states in rebellion (Confederate states). It led to slaves rebelling and joining the Union army and increased sympathy from Europe.
How did the North finance the war? The north financed the war by three means: taxes, loans, and paper money. Although they printed $150 million, raised $675 million in taxes, it still wasn’t enough to fund the war. Ultimately the government borrowed $2.6 billion dollars.
How did the South finance the war? At the beginning of the war, the Confederates didn’t have a source of income to finance the war. Their main source of cash for the Confederacy was in exports and in charging tariffs on imports, but this stopped once the Union successfully blockaded Confederate ports in late 1861. The South mainly financed the war by printing money, stamps, and government bonds, and the end of the war inflation was extremely high.
Describe the casualties during the war Over 360,000 Union and 160,000 Confederate soldiers died during the Civil war. Most were killed during battle, but many died from wounds, disease, and accidents.

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