Chapter 15 US history

All of the following are true of passage of the Fifteenth Amendment EXCEPT: it aided the election of Ulysses Grant to the presidency in 1868. Correct
Andrew Johnson: lacked Lincoln’s political skills and keen sense of public opinion. Correct
Black officeholders during Reconstruction: helped ensure a degree of fairness in the treatment of African-American citizens.
During Reconstruction, southern state governments helped to finance: Rainroads
During Reconstruction, the role of the church in the black community: was central, as African-Americans formed their own churches.
During Reconstruction, those like Elizabeth Cady Stanton who supported a woman’s right to vote: found themselves divided over whether or not to support the Fifteenth Amendment. Correct
General William T. Sherman’s Special Field Order 15: set aside the Sea Islands and 40-acre tracts of land in South Carolina and Georgia for black families.
Hiram Revels and Blanche Bruce were the first two black: U.S. senators.
How did emancipation affect the structure of the black family? The black family became more like the typical white family, with men as the breadwinners and women as the homemakers.
How did the Civil War affect planter families? For the first time, some of them had to do physical labor. Correct
Howard University is well known as: a black university in Washington, D.C.
In March 1867, Congress began Radical Reconstruction by adopting the __________, which created new state governments and provided for black male suffrage in the South. Reconstruction Act
In the “Petition of Committee in Behalf of the Freedmen to Andrew Johnson” (1865), what are the freedmen requesting? the right to purchase a homestead
Most of those termed “scalawags” during Reconstruction had been: non-slaveholding white farmers from the southern upcountry prior to the Civil War.
Sharecropping: was preferred by African-Americans to gang labor (because they were less subject to supervision).
Southern Republicans during Reconstruction: established the South’s first state-supported schools.
The Bargain of 1877: allowed for white Democratic control of the South.
The Civil Rights Act of 1866: defined the rights of American citizens without regard to race.
The crop-lien system: kept many sharecroppers in a state of constant debt and poverty.
The election of 1876: was tainted by claims of fraud in Florida, South Carolina, and Louisiana.
The Enforcement Acts, passed by Congress in 1870 and 1871, were designed to: stop the activities of terrorist groups such as the Ku Klux Klan.
The Fifteenth Amendment: sought to guarantee that one could not be denied suffrage rights based on race.
The Fourteenth Amendment: marked the most important change in the U.S. Constitution since the Bill of Rights.
The Freedmen’s Bureau: made notable achievements in improving African-American education and health care.
The northern vision of the Reconstruction-era southern economy included all of the following EXCEPT: the labor system would be as close to slavery as possible, thereby assuring high productivity.
The southern Black Codes: allowed the arrest on vagrancy charges of former slaves who failed to sign yearly labor contracts.
The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in the Slaughterhouse Cases that: most rights of citizens are under the control of state governments rather than the federal government.
The U.S. Supreme Court’s decision in the 1873 case in which Myra Bradwell challenged an Illinois statute excluding women from practicing law: demonstrates that, while racial definitions of freedom were changing, gendered ones still existed.
The Whiskey Ring scandal took place during the administration of: Ulysses Grant.
What early 1868 action by Andrew Johnson sparked his impeachment by the U.S. House of Representatives? He, at least allegedly, violated the Tenure of Office Act.
When Congress sent Andrew Johnson the Civil Rights Bill of 1866, he: argued that it discriminated against whites.
Which of the following best describes the black response to the ending of the Civil War and the coming of freedom? Blacks adopted different ways of testing their freedom, including moving about, seeking kin, and rejecting older forms of deferential behavior.
Which of the following is NOT true about Andrew Johnson? Through hard work, he rose into the planter class and then became a successful politician.
Which of the following is NOT true of Thaddeus Stevens? He represented Massachusetts in the U.S. Senate.
Which of the following was NOT an accomplishment of southern governments run by Republicans during Reconstruction? widespread transformation of plantations into black-owned farms
White farmers in the late nineteenth-century South: included many sharecroppers involved in the crop-lien system.
Who claimed in the 1870s to have converted the white South from corruption, misgovernment, and northern and black control? Redeemers
As part of the Bargain of 1877, President Grant appointed a southerner to his Cabinet. False
Because of land redistribution, the vast majority of rural freedmen and freedwomen prospered during Reconstruction. False
Black ministers during Reconstruction played a major role in politics, holding some 250 public offices. True
Black suffrage made little difference in the South as very few blacks voted or ran for public office during Reconstruction. False
By the mid-1870s, white farmers were cultivating as much as 80 percent of the region’s cotton crop. False
The 1873 depression strengthened the North’s resolve to ensure the success of Reconstruction as the depression really hurt the South’s farmers, highlighting the need for reform in the region. False
While Republicans were in power in the South, they established the region’s first state-supported public schools. True
With the passage of the Fourteenth Amendment, all people born in the United States were automatically citizens. True

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