2.5 Function of Financial Intermediaries: Indirect Finance

The process of indirect finance using financial intermediaries is called A) direct lending.B) financial intermediation. C) resource allocation.D) financial liquidation. financial intermediation.
In the United States, loans from ________ are far ________ important for corporate finance than are securities markets.A) government agencies; more B) government agencies; lessC) financial intermediaries; more D) financial intermediaries; less financial intermediaries; more
The time and money spent in carrying out financial transactions are called A) economies of scale.B) financial intermediation. C) liquidity services.D) transaction costs. transaction costs.
Economies of scale enable financial institutions to A) reduce transactions costs.B) avoid the asymmetric information problem. C) avoid adverse selection problems.D) reduce moral hazard. reduce transactions costs
An example of economies of scale in the provision of financial services is A) investing in a diversified collection of assets.B) providing depositors with a variety of savings certificates.C) spreading the cost of borrowed funds over many customers.D) spreading the cost of writing a standardized contract over many borrowers. spreading the cost of writing a standardized contract over many borrowers.
Financial intermediaries provide customers with liquidity services. Liquidity services A) make it easier for customers to conduct transactions.B) allow customers to have a cup of coffee while waiting in the lobby. C) are a result of the asymmetric information problem.D) are another term for asset transformation. make it easier for customers to conduct transactions.
The process where financial intermediaries create and sell low-risk assets and use the proceeds to purchase riskier assets is known asA) risk sharing. B) risk aversion.C) risk neutrality. D) risk selling. risk sharing.
The process of asset transformation refers to the conversion of A) safer assets into risky assets.B) safer assets into safer liabilities. C) risky assets into safer assets.D) risky assets into risky liabilities. risky assets into safer assets.
Reducing risk through the purchase of assets whose returns do not always move together is A) diversification.B) intermediation. C) intervention. D) discounting. diversification.
The concept of diversification is captured by the statement A) dont look a gift horse in the mouth.B) dont put all your eggs in one basket. C) it never rains, but it pours.D) make hay while the sun shines. dont put all your eggs in one basket.
Risk sharing is profitable for financial institutions due to A) low transactions costs.B) asymmetric information. C) adverse selection.D) moral hazard. low transactions costs.
Typically, borrowers have superior information relative to lenders about the potential returns and risks associated with an investment project. The difference in information is calledA) moral selection.B) risk sharing.C) asymmetric information. D) adverse hazard asymmetric information.
If bad credit risks are the ones who most actively seek loans and, therefore, receive them from financial intermediaries, then financial intermediaries face the problem ofA) moral hazard.B) adverse selection.C) free-riding.D) costly state verification. adverse selection.
The problem created by asymmetric information before the transaction occurs is called ________, while the problem created after the transaction occurs is called ________.A) adverse selection; moral hazard B) moral hazard; adverse selectionC) costly state verification; free-riding D) free-riding; costly state verification adverse selection; moral hazard
Adverse selection is a problem associated with equity and debt contracts arising fromA) the lenders relative lack of information about the borrowers potential returns and risks ofhis investment activities.B) the lenders inability to legally require sufficient collateral to cover a 100% loss if theborrower defaults.C) the borrowers lack of incentive to seek a loan for highly risky investments.D) the borrowers lack of good options for obtaining funds. the lenders relative lack of information about the borrowers potential returns and risks ofhis investment activities.
An example of the problem of ________ is when a corporation uses the funds raised from selling bonds to fund corporate expansion to pay for Caribbean cruises for all of its employees and their families.A) adverse selection B) moral hazardC) risk sharing D) credit risk moral hazard
Studies of the major developed countries show that when businesses go looking for funds to finance their activities they usually obtain these funds fromA) government agencies. B) equities markets.C) financial intermediaries. D) bond markets. financial intermediaries.
The countries that have made the least use of securities markets are ________ and ________; in these two countries finance from financial intermediaries has been almost ten times greater than that from securities markets.A) Germany; JapanB) Germany; Great BritainC) Great Britain; Canada D) Canada; Japan Germany; Japan
Although the dominance of ________ over ________ is clear in all countries, the relative importance of bond versus stock markets differs widely.A) financial intermediaries; securities marketsB) financial intermediaries; government agencies C) government agencies; financial intermediariesD) government agencies; securities markets financial intermediaries; securities markets

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