Chapter 11

An iron triangle is made up of an alliance between c. a legislative committee, an interest group, and an executive agency.
Money swapping is legal and is easy to prove. false
Alexis de Tocqueville argued that the proliferation of groups promoted c. governmental responsiveness.
Grassroots lobbying has become a common practice in government over the past several decades. true
The best description of the ideal of pluralism is that b. interests should be free to compete with each other for governmental influence.
A loose, informal relationship of public officials, interest groups, and activists who are all concerned with the same policies is called a(n) d. issue network.
Which of the following statements about lobbyists and members of Congress is incorrect? e. Members of Congress are forbidden from ever working for an interest group once they leave office.
When a coalition of credit card companies forms an interest group called the Partnership to Protect Consumer Credit, this indicates that b. private interests are hiding behind the ideals of public interests.
Interest groups tend to proliferate at times when government is shrinking. false
Interest groups are permitted to spend as much money as they want on issue advocacy during a campaign season, as long as they a. do not coordinate their efforts with a candidate’s own campaign organization
What contemporary political scientists call an interest group, James Madison called a(n) b. faction
Approximately how many members does AARP have? e. 38,000,000
The practice of lobbying is protected by a. the First Amendment.
Parties with a direct interest in a regulatory rule or decision are often termed b. stakeholders.
One way that the AARP has been effective at overcoming the free-rider problem is by providing ______ benefits to its members. a. selective
Which of the following statements best describes the relationship between lobbyists and Congress in recent years? b. The relationship between lobbyists and Congress has become so close that many have argued that lobbyists have become like staff members to the Republican leadership.
The first organized interest groups arose in response to the c. economic interventions of the federal government during the 1890s.
Money swapping occurs when a(n) a. interest group makes a contribution to a not-for-profit group which, in turn, provides laundered campaign funds to politicians.
The solidary benefits of interest groups include a. friendship and consciousness-raising.
As a result of the McCain-Feingold reforms of 2002, political action committees are no longer restricted in the amounts of money they may donate to candidates. false
A PAC can contribute ______ to any candidate for federal office, provided it contributes to at least five different federal candidates each year. b. $5,000
The theory of pluralism states that all interests should be free to compete for influence and the result will be compromise and moderation. true
Which of the following are lobbyists not required by federal law to disclose? Which of the following are lobbyists not required by federal law to disclose?
Which of the following has been eliminated as a result of 2002 campaign-finance reforms? b. soft money
A full-page, fully paid spread in the New York Times publicizing a major oil company is best described as c. institutional advertising
The American Bar Association is a good example of a labor group false
Except for laws against bribery, lobbyists are shielded from any legal regulations of their activities. false
Staff organizations are dependent on volunteers to conduct most of a group’s activities false
The fact that interest groups favor the wealthy and well educated can be understood as a reflection of what eternal dilemma in American politics? a. Liberty is often inconsistent with equality.
Which of the following groups is most likely to belong to the New Politics movement? c. upper-middle-class professionals, for whom the civil rights and antiwar movements of the 1960s were key experiences
The Christian Coalition is best described as a(n) ______ group b. ideological
What are political parties more capable of doing than interest groups? e. organizing people on a mass scale
Interest groups are concerned with the ______ of government, while political parties are concerned with the ______ of government c. policies; personnel
If people were motivated to join an environmental organization because they strongly believed in protecting the environment and supported the goals of the group, then we would say they were motivated by c. purposive benefits.
Many interest groups are initially organized because c. a political entrepreneur with a strong commitment to a particular set of goals believes a group will promote his or her goals and enhance his or her political influence.
People who benefit from the work of an interest group but who do not themselves contribute any effort or money are called free riders. true
A ______ is the best example of an informational benefit provided by many interest groups c. newsletter
Interest groups are prohibited by federal law from lobbying administrative agencies. false
Organized interest groups enhance American democracy by d. representing the interests of large numbers of people and encouraging political participation
Which of the following is a main theoretical assumption of pluralism? a. Competition among interests will produce balance, with all interests regulating each other.
By 2012, there were approximately ______ PACs in the United States c. 5,500

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