GOV Chapter 10

Winners of – elections go on to face each other in the – election Winners of PRIMARY elections go on to face each other in the GENERAL election
One advantage digital media has over traditional media concerning campaigns is its low cost. True
In 2016, – won the electoral college. In that same election, – won the popular vote. In 2016, DONALD TRUMP won the electoral college. In that same election, HILLARY CLINTON won the popular vote.
Match the frequency of the election cycle to the corresponding election type. Congressional Elections:two yearsPresidential Elections:four years
Relative to campaigns in the nineteenth century, today’s campaigns require – effort by campaign workers and – campaign money. Relative to campaigns in the nineteenth century, today’s campaigns require LESS effort by campaign workers and MORE campaign money.
Which of the following statements are correct regarding the stability of party identification? Individuals rarely change their party identification.Looking at the electorate as a whole, party identification is stable.
The trend in campaign finance law over time has been toward which the following? fewer restrictions on campaign donations
Negative campaign ads are more likely to address -, while positive campaign ads tend to focus on -. Negative campaign ads are more likely to address POLICY POSITIONS, while positive campaign ads tend to focus on PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS.
Ballot initiatives influence political behavior. Which of the following characteristics are correct regarding citizens in states with ballot initiatives? higher levels of turnoutmore knowledge about politics
The winner of the electoral vote – matches the winner of the popular vote. The winner of the electoral vote OFTEN matches the winner of the popular vote.
These private groups raise and distribute funds for use in election campaigns and have been around longer than newer groups such as 527 committees and 501(c)(4) committees. political action committees
Match the type of campaign on the left with each campaign characteristic that describes it on the right. Grassroots Campaign:organizationally drivenlocal campaignMass Media Campaign:statewide campaignmoney-intensive
Since America’s Founding, candidates for president have been nominated using a variety of methods. Put the following nomination methods in order from earliest in American history to the most recent. 1) congressional “King Caucus”2) delegates chosen by state party leaders3) delegates chosen by primaries and caucuses
Which of the following statements is best supported by the figure below? Even unpopular candidates win the vast majority of their own party’s voters.
Which of the following set groups such as 527s and 501(c)(4)s apart from more traditional campaign finance groups such as political action committees? These groups cannot coordinate directly with campaigns.These groups are not subject to the spending limits of the Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act.
By participating in as many newsworthy events as possible, such as visiting orphanages or disaster sites, candidates are often attempting to save money by generating so-called __________ media. FREE
Match the U.S. Supreme Court case to the effect it had on campaign spending. McCutcheon et al. v. FEC (2014):removed limits on individuals’ campaign contributionsCitizens United v. FEC (2010):government could not restrict independent expenditures by corporationsBuckley v. Valeo (1974):introduced idea that campaign contributions count as speech
When is party identification most likely to influence a person’s vote choice? when that person is unfamiliar with the issueswhen that person knows little about the candidateswhen that person is voting on state legislative candidate
Direct democracy allows voters the opportunity to directly translate their preferences into government policy. Match the following characteristics of direct democracy to their respective form—ballot initiatives or referenda. referendum:present in 50 statesstate legislature refers laws to voters for popular voteballot initiative:present in 24 statesallows citizens to place proposed law directly on ballot
Order the political candidates on their likelihood of attracting campaign donations from interest groups from most likely to least likely. 1)incumbent member of majority party2) incumbent member of minority party3)challenger candidate from majority party4) challenger candidate from minority party
In the 2016 election, which electoral factor was most significant in Hillary Clinton’s loss to Donald Trump? A large part of her voters were concentrated in a few high-population states.
What is the first step in a campaign for an aspiring presidential candidate? forming exploratory committee
As of the start of 2017, there will be a – government with the – controlling the presidency and the – controlling Congress. As of the start of 2017, there will be a unified government with the Republicans controlling the presidency and the Republicans controlling Congress.
Maria is deciding whether to vote to re-elect a sitting president or to vote for the other party’s challenger. She decides to engage in retrospective voting. As a retrospective voter, she might consider which of the following? how the economy did during the president’s previous term in office
Why have most major party candidates declined federal funding for their presidential campaigns recently? They could raise and spend far more money on their own.
which of the following statements about donations during the 2012 campaign season are correct. Older individuals made up a higher percentage of political donations than younger ones.The most money was given by those with a postgraduate degree.Most donations came in the form of large individual contributions.
The 2010 Supreme Court decision in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission had what effect on campaign financing? allowed Super PACs to spend unlimited money in independent support of candidates
Which statement best characterizes the relationship between consumer confidence and presidential elections? The incumbent party tends to win when confidence exceeds 100.
Which of the following best describes the Republican nomination process in 2016? Few thought Donald Trump had any chance of winning the nomination when he first ran.
Which issues are candidates likely to emphasize in an election? Those that most voters agree with
A challenger running against a sitting president during uncertain economic times will want to urge voters to consider a change. As such, he or she might try to make -judgments about how the candidates would do in the future. prospective
Which of the following statements about campaign fundraising in 2016 is most accurate? The Democratic candidate, Hillary Clinton, raised substantially more money than the Republican candidate, Donald Trump.
One of the unexpected twists of the 2016 election was how strong of a challenge Hillary Clinton faced for the Democratic nomination. Her strongest challenge came from which liberal Senator from Vermont? Sanders
According to exit poll data, which groups tended to support Donald Trump and the Republican Party in the 2016 election? Favored Trump:whitesmenvoters who said they wanted a changeFavored Clinton:African AmericanswomenHispanics
Unlike PACs, 527 organizations are not subjected to contribution limits and spending caps. True

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