FINANCE CHAPTER 5

 BASIC DEFINITIONSPresent Value earlier money on a time line, value today BASIC DEFINITIONSFuture Value later money on a time line, value at some point looking forward BASIC DEFINITIONSInterest Rate “exchange rate” between earlier money and later money-Discount rate-Cost of capital-Opportunity cost of capital-Required return Present Value and Discounting -Present Value- current value of future cash flows discounted at the appropriate discount rate-Discount- Calculate the present value of some future amount [Present Value] The basic present value equation had four parts. What are they? The four parts are:- the present value (PV)-the future value (FV)-the discount rate (r)-the life of the investment (t) [Compounding and Period] As you increase the length of time involved, what happens to future values? What happens to present values? Future values grow (assuming a positive rate of return); present values shrink. [Compounding and Interest Rates] What happens to a future value if you increase the rate r? What happens to present value? The future value rises (assuming it’s positive); the present value falls. [Compounding] What is compounding? What is discounting? Compounding refers to the growth of a dollar amount through time via reinvestment of interest earned. It is also the process of determining the future value of an investment. Discounting is the process of determining the value today of an amount to be received in the future. [Time Value of Money] Would you be willing to pay \$24,099 today in exchange for \$100,000 in 30 years? What would be the key considerations in answering yes or no? Would your answer depend on who is making the promise to pay? The key considerations would be: -(1) Is the rate of return implicit in the offer attractive relative to other, similar risk investments?-(2) How risky is the investment; i.e., how certain are we that we will actually get the \$100,000?-Thus, our answer does depend on who is making the promise to repay. Doubling/Quadrupling Money Quadrupling takes twice as long as doubling, important concept of time value of money Future Value (FV) The amount an investment is worth after one or more periods Compounding The process of accumulating interest on an investment over time to earn more interest Interest on interest Interest earned on the reinvestment of previous interest payments Compound Interest Interest earned on both the initial principal and the interest reinvested from prior periods Simple Interest Interest earned only on the original principal amount invested Present Value (PV) The current value of future cash flows discounted at the appropriate discount rate Discount Calculate the present value of some future amount Discount Rate The rate used to calculate the present value of future cash flows Discounted cash flow (DCF) valuation Calculating the present value of a future cash flow to determine its value today
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