WTP- Chapter 10 Campaigns and Elections

Winners of __ elections go on face-to-face in the ___ elections.Primary/General PrimaryGeneral
One advantage digital media has over traditional media concerning campaigns is its low cost. (True or False) True
In 2016, who won the Electoral Vote? The Popular Vote? Electoral Vote- Donald TrumpPopular Vote- Hillary Clinton
How many years for:Congressional ElectionPresidential Election Congressional- 2 yearsPresidential- 4 years
Relative to campaigns in the 19th century, today’s campaigns require ___ effort by campaign workers and ___ campaign money(more/less) 1. less2. more
Which of the following statements are correct regarding the stability of party identification?-Individuals rarely change their party identification.-Looking at the electorate as a whole, party identification is volatile.-Looking at the electorate as a whole, party identification is stable.-Individuals commonly change their party identification.-Individuals never change their party identification. 1. Individuals rarely change their party identification2. Looking at the electoral as a whole, party identification is stable.
A challenger running against a sitting president during uncertain economic times will want to urge voters to consider a change. As such, he or she might try to make ____ judgments about how the candidates would do in the future. prospective
Since America’s Founding, candidates for president have been nominated using a variety of methods. Put the following nomination methods in order from earliest in American history to the most recent.-delegates chosen by state party leaders-Congressional “King Caucus”-delegates chosen by primaries and caucuses 1. Congressional “king Caucus”2. Delegates chosen by state party leaders3. delegates chosen by primaries and caucuses
Match the type of campaign on the left with each campaign characteristic that describes it on the right: Grassroots Campaign & Mass Media Campaign-local campaign-organizationally driven -statewide campaign-money intensive local campaign-grassroots campaignorganizationally driven-grassroots campaignstatewide campaign-mass media campaignmoney-intensive-mass media campaign
What is the first step in a campaign for an aspiring presidential candidate? forming exploratory committee
By participating in as many newsworthy events as possible, such as visiting orphanages or disaster sites, candidates are often attempting to save money by generating so-called __________ media. Free
Maria is deciding whether to vote to re-elect a sitting president or to vote for the other party’s challenger. She decides to engage in retrospective voting. As a retrospective voter, she might consider which of the following?-whether she prefers one candidate’s religious views over the other’s-how the economy did during the president’s previous term in office-whether she agrees with the candidate on the issue of equal pay-how she thinks the economy will do in the next administration How the economy did during the president’s previous term in the office
As of the start of 2017, there will be a – government with the – controlling the presidency and the – controlling Congress.Unified, Divided, Democrats, Republicans 1. Unified2. Republicans3. Republicans
Ballot initiatives influence political behavior. Which of the following characteristics are correct regarding citizens in states with ballot initiatives?-higher levels of turnout-more knowledge about politics-lower levels of political trust-higher income levels Higher levels of turnout More knowledge about politics
When is party identification most likely to influence a person’s vote choice?-when that person is voting on state legislative candidates-when that person is unfamiliar with the issues-when that person knows little about the candidates-when that person is voting on presidential candidates -when that person is voting on state legislative candidates-when that person knows little about the candidates-when that person is unfamiliar with the issues
Match the corresponding Court Cases to the effect it had on campaign spending:-McCutcheon et al. v. FEC-Citizens United v. FEC-Buckley v. Valeo-government could not restrict independent expenditures by corporations-removed limits on individuals’ campaign contributions-introduced idea that campaign contributions count as speech McCutcheon et al. v. FEC (2014): removed limits on individuals’ campaign contributionsCitizens United v. FEC (2010): government could not restrict independent expenditures by corporationsBuckley v. Valeo (1974): introduced idea that campaign contributions count as speech
Order the political candidates on their likelihood of attracting campaign donations from interest groups from most likely to least likely. Starting with the first item in the sequence.-incumbent member of minority party-challenger candidate from minority party-incumbent member of majority party-challenger candidate from majority party 1. Incumbent members of majority party2. Incumbent member of minority party3. Challenger candidate from majority party4. Challenger candidate from minority party
Direct democracy allows voters the opportunity to directly translate their preferences into government policy. Match the following characteristics of direct democracy to their respective form—ballot initiatives or referenda.-State Legislature refers laws to voters for popular vote-Allow citizens to place proposed law directly on ballot-present in 50 states Ballot Initiatives: Allow citizens to place proposed laws directly on ballotReferenda: State legislatures refers laws to voters for popular vote; present in 50 states
In the United States, which level of government are most responsible for administering elections?-county governments-state governments-national government-city governments county, state, and city governments
Negative campaign ads are more likely to address ___, while positive campaign ads tends to focus on ____-policy positions-endorsements -personal characteristics 1. policy positions2. personal characteristics
Look at chart on page 399:Which state best characterize the relationship between consumer confidence and presidential elections?-the incumbent party tends to win when confidence exceeds 100-the incumbent party tends to win when confidence exceeds 120-the challenger’s party tends to win when confidence exceeds 100-the challenger’s party tends to win when confidence exceeds 120 the incumbent party tends to win when confidence exceeds 100
Which of the following set groups such as 527s and 501(c)(4)s apart from more traditional campaign finance groups such as political action committees?-These groups cannot coordinate directly with campaigns-These groups have been ruled unconstitutionally by the Supreme Court-These groups are not subject to the spending limits of the Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act-These groups do not have to disclose where they get their money -These groups are not subject to the spending limits of the Bipartisan Campaign Finance Reform Act-These groups cannot coordinate directly with campaigns
Which group was the primary election system introduced to weaken?-party leaders-voters-elected officials-bureaucrats party leaders
Where do most people get their party identification from?-their parents-each party’s political position-the performance of the party’s incumbents-their social groups their parents
Which form of electoral system is o=most common in the United States?-majority system-plurality system-proportional representation plurality system
The trend in campaign finance law over time has been towards to which of the following?-more restrictions of campaign donations-a consistent level of campaign donation restriction-fewer restriction on campaign donations -fewer restrictions of campaign donations
Why have most major party candidates declined federal funding for their presidential campaign recently?-they could raise and spend far money of their own-they would have been required to campaign in all 50 states-they could have have spent more than 50% of the funding on advertising-they philosophically opposed public funding -They could raise and spend far more money of their own
Page(s) 400-411The following video discusses results of the 2016 election and highlights the role the electoral college plays. Watch the video, and answer the question below.In the 2016 election, which electoral factor was most significant in Hillary Clinton’s loss to Donald Trump?-A large part of her voters were concentrated in a few-high population states-Most of her voters were concentrated in smaller, more rural states with few electoral college votes-She raised less money than Donald Trump-She won a smaller share of the popular vote than Donald Trump A large part of her voters were concentrated in a few-high population states
Page 413: Which of the following statements about donations during the 2012 campaign season are correct?-Older individuals made up a higher percentage of political donations than younger ones.-The most money was given by those with a postgraduate degree.-Most donations came in the form of large individual contributions.-The amount of donors from each income bracket is about even. -Older individuals made up a higher percentage of political donations than younger ones.-The most money was given by those with a postgraduate degree.-Most donations came in the form of large individual contributions.
Which of the following best describes the Republican nomination process in 2016?-Donald Trump was the favorite of the conservative wing of the Republican Party-Few that D.J had any chance of winning the nomination when he first ran. -Bernie Sanders gave DJ a strong contest for the Republican nomination-the Republican party was fairly small Few thought that Dj had any chance of winning the nomination when he first ran
Which term is used to describe the drawing of congressional districts in response to population changes?-referendum-redistricting-gerrymandering-recalling redistricting

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