International Finance Chapter 1

1 What major dimension sets apart international finance from domestic finance?a) Foreign exchange and political risksb) Market imperfectionsc) Expanded opportunity setd) All of the above D
2 An example of a political risk is a) expropriation of assets.b) adverse change in tax rules.c) the opposition party being elected.d) both answers a) and b) are correct. D
3 Production of goods and services has become globalized to a large extent as a result ofa) natural resources being depleted in one country after another.b) skilled labor being highly mobile.c) multinational corporations’ efforts to source inputs and locate production anywhere where costs are lower and profits higher.d) common tastes worldwide for the same goods and services. C
4 Recently, financial markets have become highly integrated. This development a) allows investors to diversify their portfolios internationally.b) allows minority investors to buy and sell stocks.c) has increased the cost of capital for firms.d) answers a) and c) are both correct. A
5 Japan has experienced large trade surpluses. Japanese investors have responded to this bya) liquidating their positions in stocks to buy dollar denominated bonds.b) investing heavily in U.S. and other foreign financial markets.c) lobbying the U.S. government to depreciate its currency.d) lobbying the Japanese government to allow the yen to appreciate. B
6 Suppose your firm invests $100,000 in a project in Italy. At the time the exchange rate is $1.25 = €1.00. One year later the exchange rate is the same, but the Italian government has expropriated your firm’s assets paying only €80,000 in compensation. This is an example of a) exchange rate risk.b) political risk.c) market imperfections.d) none of the above, since $100,000 = €80,000 × $1.25/€1.00 B
7 Suppose you start with $100 and buy stock for £50 when the exchange rate is £1 = $2. One year later, the stock rises to £60. You are happy with your 20 percent return on the stock, but when you sell the stock and exchange your £60 for dollars, you only get $45 since the pound has fallen to £1 = $0.75. This loss of value is an example ofa) exchange rate risk.b) political risk.c) market imperfections.d) weakness in the dollar. B
8 Suppose that Great Britain is a major export market for your firm, a U.S.-based MNC. If the British pound depreciates against the U.S. dollar, a) your firm will be able to charge more in dollar terms while keeping pound prices stable.b) your firm may be priced out of the U.K. market, to the extent that your dollar costs stay constant and your pound prices will rise.c) to protect U.K. market share, your firm may have to cut the dollar price of your goods to keep the pound price the same.d) both b) and c) are correct D
9 Suppose Mexico is a major export market for your U.S.-based company and the Mexican peso appreciates drastically against the U.S. dollar. This meansa) your company’s products can be priced out of the Mexican market, as the peso price of American imports will rise following the peso’s fall.b) your firm will be able to charge more in dollar terms while keeping peso prices stable.c) your domestic competitors will enjoy a period of facing lessened price competition from Mexican imports.d) both b) and c) are correct D
10 Suppose Mexico is a major export market for your U.S.-based company and the Mexican peso depreciates drastically against the U.S. dollar, as it did in December 1994. This means a) your company’s products can be priced out of the Mexican market, as the peso price of American imports will rise following the peso’s fall.b) your firm will be able to charge more in dollar terms while keeping peso prices stable.c) your domestic competitors will enjoy a period of facing little price competition from Mexican imports.d) both b) and c) are correct A
11 Suppose that you are a U.S. producer of a commodity good competing with foreign producers. Your inputs of production are priced in dollars and you sell your output in dollars. If the U.S. currency depreciates against the currencies of our trading partners,a) your competitive position is likely improved.b) your competitive position is likely worsened.c) your competitive position is unchanged. A
12 Undoubtedly, we are now living in a world where all the major economic functions—consumption, production, and investmenta) are still inherently local.b) are still regional in nature.c) are slowly becoming globalized.d) are highly globalized. D
13 Most governments at least try to make it difficult for people to cross their borders illegally. This barrier to the free movement of labor is an example ofa) information asymmetry.b) excessive transactions costs.c) racial discrimination.d) a market imperfection. D
14 Although the world economy is much more integrated today than was the case 10 or 20 years ago, a variety of barriers still hamper free movements of people, goods, services, and capital across national boundaries. These barriers include a) legal restrictions.b) excessive transportation costs.c) information asymmetry.d) all of the above D
15 The Japanese automobile company Honda decided to establish production facilities in Ohio, mainly to a) circumvent trade barriers.b) reduce transportation costs.c) reduce transactions costs.d) both a) and b) A
16 When individual investors become aware of overseas investment opportunities and are willing to diversify their portfolios internationally, a) they trade one market imperfection, information asymmetry, for another, exchange rate risk.b) they benefit from an expanded opportunity set.c) they should not bother to read or to understand the prospectus, since its probably written in a foreign language. d) they should invest only in dollars or euros. B
17 Deregulated financial markets and heightened competition in financial services provided an environment for financial innovations that resulted in the introduction of various instruments. Examples of these innovative instruments include a) currency futures and options, foreign stock index futures and options.b) multicurrency bonds.c) international mutual funds, country funds, exchange traded funds. d) all of the above D
18 The goal of shareholder wealth maximization a) is not appropriate for non-U.S. business firms.b) means that all business decisions and investments that a firm makes are done for the purpose of making the owners of the firm better off financially.c) is a sub-objective the firm should attempt to achieve after the objective of customer satisfaction is met.d) is in conflict with the privatization process taking place in third-world countries. B
19 The owners of a business are the a) taxpayers.b) workers.c) suppliers.d) shareholders. D
20 The massive privatization that is currently taking place in formerly socialist countries, will likelya) eventually enhance the standard of living to these countries’ citizens.b) depend on private investment.c) increase the opportunity set facing these countries’ citizens.d) all of the above D
21 The ultimate guardians of shareholder interest in a corporation, are the a) rank and file workers.b) senior management.c) boards of directors.d) all of the above. c
22 In countries like France and Germany,a) managers have often made business decisions with regard maximizing market share to the exclusion of other goals.b) managers have often viewed shareholders as one of the “stakeholders” of the firm, others being employees, customers, suppliers, banks and so forth.c) managers have often regarded the prosperity and growth of their combines, or families of related firms, as their critical goal.d) managers have traditionally embraced the maximization of shareholder wealth as the only worthy goal B
23 When corporate governance breaks downa) shareholders are unlikely to receive fair returns on their investments.b) managers may be tempted to enrich themselves at shareholder expense.c) the board of directors is not doing its job.d) all of the above D
24 Privatization refers to process ofa) having government operate businesses for the betterment of the public sector.b) government allowing the operation of privately owned business.c) prohibiting government operated enterprises.d) a country divesting itself of the ownership and operation of a business venture by turning it over to the free market system. D
25 Deregulation of world financial marketsa) provided a natural environment for financial innovations, like currency futures and options.b) has promoted competition among market participants.c) has encouraged developing countries such as Chile, Mexico, and Korea to liberalize by allowing foreigners to directly invest in their financial markets.d) all of the above D
26 The emergence of global financial markets is due in no small part toa) advances in computer and telecommunications technology.b) enforcement of the Soviet system of state ownership of resources of production.c) government regulation and protection of infant industries.d) none of the above A
27 The common monetary policy for the euro zone is now formulated by a) the Bundesbank in Germany.b) the Federal Reserve Bank.c) the World Bank.d) the European Central Bank. D
28 Since the end of World War I, the dominant global currency has been the a) British pound.b) Japanese yen.c) Euro.d) U.S. dollar. D
29 Since the end of World War I, the U.S. dollar has played the role of the dominant global currency, displacing the a) German mark.b) French Franc.c) Japanese Yen.d) British pound. D
30 The ascendance of the dollar the dominant global currency reflects several key factors such as a) the size of the U.S. population.b) the mature and open capital markets of the U.S. economy.c) exchange rate stability.d) all of the above B
31 The euro a) is the common currency of Europe.b) is divisible into 100 cents, just like the U.S. dollar.c) may eventually have a transaction domain larger than the U.S. dollar.d) all of the above. D
32 Since its inception the euro has brought about revolutionary changes in European finance. For example,a) by redenominating corporate bonds and stocks from 12 different currencies into one common currency, the euro has precipitated the emergence of continent wide capital markets in Europe that are comparable to U.S. markets in depth and liquidity.b) Swiss bank accounts are all denominated in euro.c) the European banking sector has become much more important as a source of financing for European firms.d) there have actually not been any revolutionary changes. A
33 Privatization is often seen as a cure for bureaucratic inefficiency and waste; some economists estimate that privatization improves efficiency and reduces operating costs by as much as a) 5 percent.b) 10 percent.c) 15 percent.d) 20 percent. D
34 The World Trade Organization, WTO,a) has the power to enforce the rules of international trade.b) covers agriculture and physical goods, but not services or intellectual property rights.c) recently expelled China for human rights violations.d) ruled that NAFTA is to be the model for world trade integration. A
35 Privatizationa) has spurred a tremendous increase in cross-border investment.b) has allowed many governments to have the funds to nationalize important industries.c) has guaranteed that new ownership will be limited to the local citizens.d) has generally decreased the efficiency of the enterprise. A
36 A multinational firm can be defined as a firm thata) invests short-term cash inflows in more than one currency.b) has sales affiliates in several countries.c) is incorporated in more than one country.d) incorporated in one country that has production and sales operations in several other countries. D
37 A MNC may gain from its global presence bya) spreading R&D expenditures and advertising costs over their global sales.b) pooling global purchasing power over suppliers.c) utilizing their technological and managerial know-how globally with minimum additional costs.d) all of the above are potential gains D
38 MNCs can use their global presence to a) take advantage of underpriced labor services available in certain developing countries.b) gain access to special R&D capabilities residing in advanced foreign counties.c) boost profit margins and create shareholder value.d) all of the above D
39 Foreign-owned manufacturing companies in the world’s most highly developed countries a) generally are more productive and pay their workers more than do comparable locally-owned businesses.b) generally are less productive and therefore pay their workers less than do comparable locally-owned businesses.c) tend to specialize in different articles of manufacture than they produce in their home countries.d) usually do not build their own production facilities but simply buy existing domestic manufacturing firms. A
40 A purely domestic firm sources its products, sells its products, and raises its funds domesticallya) can face stiff competition from a multinational corporation that can source its products in one country, sell them in several countries, and raise its funds in a third country.b) can be more competitive than a MNC on its home turf due to superior knowledge of the local market.c) can still face exchange rate risk, just like a MNC.d) all of the above are true D
41 MNC stands for a) Multinational Corporation.b) Multi Nationalized Corporation.c) Military National Cooperation. A
42 Which is growing at a faster rate, foreign direct investment by MNCs or international trade?a) FDI by MNCsb) International tradec) Since they are linked, they grow at the same rate.d) None of the above A
43 A true MNC, with operations in dozens of different countriesa) must effectively manage foreign exchange risk.b) can ignore foreign exchange risk since it is diversified.c) will pay taxes in only its home county.d) none of the above A
44 A MNC cana) be a factor that increases the opportunities of the citizens of less developed countries.b) be a factor that increases the opportunity set of domestic investors.c) increase economic efficiency.d) all of the above D
45 Today for a MNC to produce merchandise in one country on capital equipment financed by funds raised in a number of different currencies through issuing securities to investors in many countries and then selling the finished product to customers in yet other countries isa) not uncommon.b) extremely common.c) uncommon.d) the norm. A
46 A corporation that can source its products in one country, sell them in another country, and raise the funds in a third countrya) is a multinational corporation.b) is a domestic firm if all of the shareholders are from the same country.c) enjoys a built-in hedge against exchange rate risk.d) enjoys a built-in hedge against political risk. A

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *