personal finance ch. 5

Introductory high interest rates paid by financial institutions for new accounts are usually a good deal and you should therefore take advantage of them without question. false
Nondepository institutions are financial institutions that provide various financial services, but their deposits are not federally insured true
Finance companies are more selective in choosing the lender they serve, and therefore usually charge lower interest rates than banks or credit unions false
Securities firms primarily sell insurance to protect individuals from adverse events false
A mutual fund is a means by which investors with only a small amount of money can invest in a portfolio of securities true
Financial institutions loan funds at a ________ they pay depositors.A) lower interest rate thanB) higher interest rate thanC) rate equal to whatD) cost plus 3% of what B) higher interest rate than
Which of the following is not a depository institution?A) First National Bank of ChicagoB) Butterfield and Edwards Brokerage firmC) American 1 Federal Credit UnionD) New England Savings Bank B) Butterfield and Edwards Brokerage firm
Financial institutions that accept deposits (that are insured up to a maximum level) from individuals and provide loans are calledA) finance companies.B) depository institutions.C) investment companies.D) nondepository institutions B) depository institutions
Which of the following is not a depository institution?A) Commercial bankB) Securities firmC) Savings institutionD) Credit union B) Securities firm
Deposits at commercial banks are insured up to ________ per depositor by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC).A) $100,000B) $75,000C) $250,000D) $150,000 C) $250,000
Deposits at commercial banks are insured by a government owned insurance agency calledA) Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation.B) National Credit Union Share Insurance Fund.C) Federal Deposit Interest Company.D) Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority A) Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
Which of the following financial institutions would be used the most by business customers wishing to borrow money?A) Commercial banksB) Savings institutionsC) Credit unionsD) All are used equally by business customers A) Commercial banks
20) To join a credit union, you need toA) have a steady job.B) be a member of a group with a common bond.C) have established good credit.D) be sponsored by an existing member of that credit union. B) be a member of a group with a common bond
Savings institutions accept deposits and provide mortgage and personal loans to individuals. Another name for these types of financial institutions is A) trust institution.B) economy institution.C) insured institution.D) thrift institution. D) thrift institution.
Which of the following characteristics is common to both commercial banks and credit unions?A) lower feesB) lower credit card ratesC) insurance up to $250,000D) nonprofit C) insurance up to $250,000
Which of the following is a nonprofit depository institution that provides services only to members who have a common affiliation?A) Commercial banksB) Savings institutionsC) Credit unionsD) Finance companies C) Credit unions
Which of the following financial institutions specializes in making personal loans to people who are perceived to have a higher risk of default?A) Finance companiesB) Commercial banksC) Savings institutionsD) Credit unions A) Finance companies
If you were taking out a personal loan, the highest rate would probably be charged by aA) commercial bank.B) finance company.C) member of your family.D) credit union. B) finance company
________ are nondepository institutions that facilitate the purchase or sale of securities by firms or individuals by providing investment banking services and brokerage services.A) Finance companiesB) Securities firmsC) Insurance companiesD) Investment companies B) Securities firms
________ are nondepository institutions that provide insurance to protect individuals or firms against possible adverse events.A) Finance companiesB) Securities firmsC) Insurance companiesD) Investment companies C) Insurance companies
________ are nondepository institutions that sell shares to individuals and use the proceeds to invest in securities to create mutual funds.A) Investment companiesB) Finance companiesC) Securities firmsD) Insurance companies A) Investment companies
A financial conglomerate offers a diverse set of services that include which of the following?A) Credit cardsB) Personal loansC) Brokerage subsidiaryD) All of the above. D) All of the above
Which of the following is classified as a nondepository institution?A) Credit unionB) Insurance companyC) Commercial bankD) Savings and loan B) Insurance company
If you have $10,000 that you do not currently need for expenses and you wish to put it somewhere so that it will earn a return, which of the following financial institutions would you not choose?A) Savings institutionB) Finance companyC) Securities firmD) Investment company B) Finance company
You have $3,000 that you may need any day to replace the furnace in your house. Which of the following would be the best place to put the $3,000?A) A one-year CD earning 4%B) A common stock mutual fund earning 9%C) A savings account earning 2%D) Shares of stock in a high tech company that could double in 6 months C) A savings account earning 2%
Your great aunt Mary passed away and left you and inheritance of $5,000. Since you don’t have a need for the money in the near future, which of the following would be the best place to put the $5,000?A) A savings account earning 1% interestB) A checking accountC) A five-year CD paying 4.38% annuallyD) High risk stock in a producer of natural gas that is predicted to triple in the next year C) A five-year CD paying 4.38% annually
Which of the following will not vary at a commercial bank?A) Interest ratesB) Limit on FDIC insurance on accountsC) Loan conditionsD) Service fees B) Limit on FDIC insurance on accounts
financial institutions that accept deposits depository institutions
nondepository institutions that sell and purchase securities securities firms
protection against adverse events insurance company
financial institutions that offer a diverse set of services financial conglomerate
mutual fund or combination of investments investment company
specializes in personal loans finance company
To prevent an overdraft or “bounced check,” it is always a good idea to record your check written in your check register and reconcile your account balance when you receive your monthly bank statement. true
You can be assured that if your ATM query shows you have a certain balance in your checking account, that figure is more accurate than the amount in your check register. false
Debit cards allow you to pay for a purchase later when the bill arrives. false
In order to have a safety deposit box at a bank, a person needs to also maintain another checking or savings account at that bank. false
ATM cards are declining in use because they are expensive and the machines are becoming more difficult to locate. false
Cashier’s checks, money orders, and traveler’s checks are secured check alternatives to a personal check and therefore are more risk-free for the payee. true
A(n) ________ card allows you to pay for a purchase at a later time when the bill arrives.A) creditB) debitC) expenseD) ATM A) credit
A(n) ________ card allows you to pay for a purchase directly from your checking account without writing a check.A) creditB) debitC) expenseD) travel B) debit
Which of the following is not a service that a depository institution might offer?A) Checking servicesB) Credit counselingC) On line servicesD) The use of a debit card B) Credit counseling
The Act that allows banks to transmit electronic images of checks, thus allowing funds to be transferred immediately is known asA) Check 2004.B) The Check Clearing Act of 2004. C) Fraud Detecting Act.D) Check 21 D) Check 21
Which of the following is not a reason that your checking account balance might change from one month to another?A) Deposits to your accountB) Cleared checksC) Purchasing new shoes with a credit cardD) Bank fees C) Purchasing new shoes with a credit card
Your checkbook balance at the end of May is $1,041. When you receive May’s bank statement, you discover the following additional items: Bank fees, $271; Interest earned, $163. Your adjusted checkbook balance after considering these items isA) $933.B) $770.C) $1,204.D) $920. A) $933.
Which of the following is not an advantage of using ATM cards?A) It is easy and convenient to withdraw funds.B) Your total banking expenses are likely to be lower.C) You have access to your account any time of the day.D) You can bank at remote locations all over the world. B) Your total banking expenses are likely to be lower.
Which of the following is not a disadvantage of using ATM cards?A) Forgetting to record the transactionB) Fees from your bank and other banks for using out-of-network machinesC) Increased fees if you make too many transactions per periodD) Difficulty of withdrawing funds D) Difficulty of withdrawing funds
A ________ is a check that is written on behalf of a person to a specific payee and will be charged against a financial institution’s account.A) cashier’s checkB) money orderC) traveler’s checkD) personal check A) cashier’s check
You are closing on the purchase of a new home and your closing costs including down payment are $10,500. To process the loan and be assured of funding, the title company would request your payment as aA) personal check.B) money order.C) cashier’s check.D) traveler’s check. C) cashier’s check.
A ________ is a check that is written on behalf of a person and will be charged against a nonfinancial institution’s account.A) cashier’s checkB) money orderC) traveler’s checkD) personal check B) money order
A ________ is a check that is written on behalf of an individual and will be charged against a large well-known financial institution or credit card sponsor’s account.A) cashier’s checkB) money orderC) traveler’s checkD) personal check C) traveler’s check
Convenience, deposit rates and insurance, and fees are the primary considerations in choosing a financial institution for your needs. true
Since rates and fees differ only slightly between all national banks, there is little need to consider these when choosing your financial institution. false
You should select only one financial institution for all of your checking, savings, and investing needs. false
Because they have lower expenses, Web-based financial institutions tend to pay higher interest rates on deposits than institutions with physical branches. true
Which of the following should not affect your choice of a financial institution?A) ConvenienceB) Whether it is state or federally charteredC) Deposit rates and insuranceD) Fees B) Whether it is state or federally chartered
Which of the following is not a fee that financial institutions charge?A) Checking account service chargeB) ATM usage feeC) Depository insuranceD) Safety deposit box rental C) Depository insurance
________ is a movement that began in September 2011 to protest against large banks that are believed to receive excessive support from the government.A) The 15-MB) March on WashingtonC) Anti-corruptionD) Occupy Wall Street D) Occupy Wall Street
Allison is a recent college graduate and is looking for a bank in which to open a checking account. She has narrowed her choice to two. First National requires a $100 minimum deposit and charges 15 cents per check. City Bank requires a $500 minimum deposit, but charges only 5 cents per check. Both pay the same interest rate on the minimum deposit. Allison estimates that she will write 40 checks per month. Assuming that Allison could invest any funds not required for a minimum deposit in a one-year CD paying 6 percent, what would be the monthly cost to Allison for First National and City Bank? Which should she choose?A) First National -$6.00; City Bank -$2.00B) First National -$6.00; City Bank -$4.00C) First National -$6.00; City Bank -$26.00D) First National -$6.00; City Bank -$8.00 B) First National -$6.00; City Bank -$4.00
Lorenzo is considering two banks for his checking account. Suny Bank requires a minimum deposit of $100, charges a monthly fee of $8, plus 5 cents a check. Merchants Bank also requires a minimum deposit of $100, charges no monthly fee, but a per check charge of 15 cents. How many checks would Lorenzo need to write each month to make Suny Bank cheaper to use than Merchants?A) over 50B) over 60C) over 70D) over 80 D) over 80
Certificates of deposit (CDs) with shorter maturity dates tend to pay higher interest rates than those with longer maturity dates. false
A certificate of deposit guarantees or locks in an interest rate for a specified time and rate. true
A risk-free rate is a return on an investment that is guaranteed for a specified period. true
Risk premium is the amount of interest you might receive over and above the risk-free return insured by the federal government. true
Investments with a higher risk of default pay higher rates of interest than those which are less risky. true
It is illegal for a federally insured financial institution to charge those with poor credit higher interest rates than those with good credit. false
The one-year loan rate for individuals is usually about the same as the one-year CD rate. false
Wanda Clark expects interest rates to decline in the next few months. To maximize her earnings, she should put her savings in aA) two-year certificate of deposit.B) six-month certificate of deposit.C) money market account.D) passbook savings account. A) two-year certificate of deposit.
Which of the following is not true regarding certificates of deposit (CDs)?A) The longer the term, the higher the interest rate paid.B) All banks offer the same rates on CDs.C) Early withdrawals of money are subject to a penalty.D) The investment of large amounts will pay higher interest than lower amounts. B) All banks offer the same rates on CDs.
The ________ is the return on an investment that is guaranteed for a specified period.A) risk-free rateB) risk premiumC) specific returnD) fair market return A) risk-free rate
The ________ is an additional return beyond the risk-free rate that can be earned from a deposit guaranteed by the government.A) risk-free rateB) risk premiumC) specific returnD) nominal return B) risk premium
The interest rate is composed of the ________ and the ________.A) risk-free rate; risk discountB) risk-free rate; risk premiumC) risk-free rate; default risk premiumD) None of the above. B) risk-free rate; risk premium
The relationship between risk and returnA) is positive.B) is negative.C) is inverse.D) has no correlation. A) is positive.
Juan has $1,000 that he would like to invest in a CD. His bank offers two alternatives, i.e., a one-year CD paying 6% or a two-year CD paying 9 percent. Juan has been reading that interest rates are rising and, based on his research, he estimates that by year-end the rate on one-year CDs will increase to 10 percent. What alternative would give Juan the most interest and what would the total interest be? A) Two one-year CDs returning $120 interest B) Two one-year CDs returning $160 interestC) One two-year CD returning $180 interestD) One two-year CD returning $1,900 interest C) One two-year CD returning $180 interest
Jack has $1,000 that he wishes to invest for the next two years. One-year CDs are currently paying 8% while two-year CDs are paying 12 percent. Economists are predicting that interest rates will rise by the end of the year. What is the minimum amount interest rates would have to increase to make the one-year CD better than the two-year?A) 16% B) 14 percentC) 12 percentD) 10 percent C) 12 percent
The risk-free rate on borrowed funds is determined byA) the Federal Reserve.B) congress.C) supply and demand.D) the banking system. C) supply and demand.
The term structure of interest rates is the relationship between the maturities of ________ debt securities and the annualized yields offered on those securities.A) risk-freeB) risk premiumC) specific returnD) nominal return A) risk-free
The term structure of interest rates is measured by a(n) ________, which shows the interest rate offered at each maturity level.A) economistB) yield curveC) graphD) index B) yield curve
The term structure is often based on rates of return or yields offered by ________ which are ________ issued by the U.S. Treasury with different maturities.A) Treasury securities; mutual fund securitiesB) Treasury securities; equity securitiesC) Treasury securities; debt securitiesD) None of the above. C) Treasury securities; debt securities
When the Federal Reserve wishes to ________ interest rates, it ________ the amount of funds at commercial banks.A) increase; increasesB) reduce; reducesC) reduce; increasesD) Both A and B are correct. C) reduce; increases
If the Federal Reserve buys or sells Treasury securities to affect the money supply, it usesA) open market operations.B) reserves at commercial banks.C) discount rate adjustments.D) federal funds adjustments. A) open market operations.
If the government borrows funds to finance a military build-up in the Middle East, this will cause aA) shift in the demand for funds.B) shift in the supply of funds.C) shift in monetary policy.D) shift in open-market operations. A) shift in the demand for funds.
Interest rates could change due to all of the following exceptA) United Nation’s resolution to change the Fed fund rate.B) shift in savings by investors.C) shift in monetary policy of the Fed.D) shift in business demand for funds. A) United Nation’s resolution to change the Fed fund rate.
Which of the following is true with regards to rising interest rates?A) Use short-term loans to take advantage of low interest rates.B) Select long-term savings options to lock in current interest rates.C) Use long-term loans to take advantage of current low rates.D) The term of the loan option is not impacted by rising interest rates. C) Use long-term loans to take advantage of current low rates.

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