* FINANCE 510 CH. 2 *

Every financial market performs the following function:A) It determines the level of interest rates.B) It allows common stock to be traded.C) It allows loans to be made.D) It channels funds from lenders-savers to borrowers-spenders. D
Financial markets have the basic function ofA) bringing together people with funds to lend and people who want to borrow funds.B) assuring that the swings in the business cycle are less pronounced.C) assuring that governments need never resort to printing money.D) both A and B of the above.E) both B and C of the above. A
Which of the following can be described as involving direct finance?A) A corporation’s stock is traded in an over-the-counter market.B) People buy shares in a mutual fund.C) A pension fund manager buys commercial paper in the secondary market.D) An insurance company buys shares of common stock in the over-the-counter markets.E) None of the above. E
Which of the following can be described as involving direct finance?A) A corporation’s stock is traded in an over-the-counter market.B) A corporation buys commercial paper issued by another corporation.C) A pension fund manager buys commercial paper from the issuing corporation.D) Both A and B of the above.E) Both B and C of the above. B
Which of the following can be described as involving indirect finance?A) A corporation takes out loans from a bank.B) People buy shares in a mutual fund.C) A corporation buys commercial paper in a secondary market.D) All of the above.E) Only A and B of the above. E
Which of the following can be described as involving indirect finance?A) A bank buys a U.S. Treasury bill from one of its depositors.B) A corporation buys commercial paper issued by another corporation.C) A pension fund manager buys commercial paper in the primary market.D) Both A and C of the above. D
Financial markets improve economic welfare becauseA) they allow funds to move from those without productive investment opportunities to those who have such opportunities.B) they allow consumers to time their purchases better.C) they weed out inefficient firms.D) they do all of the above.E) they do A and B of the above. E
A country whose financial markets function poorly is likely toA) efficiently allocate its capital resources.B) enjoy high productivity.C) experience economic hardship and financial crises.D) increase its standard of living. C
Which of the following are securities?A) A certificate of depositB) A share of Texaco common stockC) A Treasury billD) All of the aboveE) Only A and B of the above D
Which of the following statements about the characteristics of debt and equity are true?A) They both can be long-term financial instruments.B) They both involve a claim on the issuer’s income.C) They both enable a corporation to raise funds.D) All of the above.E) Only A and B of the above. D
The money market is the market in which ________ are traded.A) new issues of securitiesB) previously issued securitiesC) short-term debt instrumentsD) long-term debt and equity instruments C
Long-term debt and equity instruments are traded in the ________ market.A) primaryB) secondaryC) capitalD) money C
Which of the following are primary markets?A) The New York Stock ExchangeB) The U.S. government bond marketC) The over-the-counter stock marketD) The options marketsE) None of the above E
Which of the following are secondary markets?A) The New York Stock ExchangeB) The U.S. government bond marketC) The over-the-counter stock marketD) The options marketsE) All of the above E
A corporation acquires new funds only when its securities are sold in theA) secondary market by an investment bank.B) primary market by an investment bank.C) secondary market by a stock exchange broker.D) secondary market by a commercial bank. B
Intermediaries who are agents of investors and match buyers with sellers of securities are calledA) investment bankers.B) traders.C) brokers.D) dealers.E) none of the above. C
Intermediaries who link buyers and sellers by buying and selling securities at stated prices are calledA) investment bankers.B) traders.C) brokers.D) dealers.E) none of the above. D
An important financial institution that assists in the initial sale of securities in the primary market is theA) investment bank.B) commercial bank.C) stock exchange.D) brokerage house. A
Which of the following statements about financial markets and securities are true?A) Most common stocks are traded over-the-counter, although the largest corporations have their shares traded at organized stock exchanges such as the New York Stock Exchange.B) A corporation acquires new funds only when its securities are sold in the primary market.C) Money market securities are usually more widely traded than longer-term securities and so tend to be more liquid.D) All of the above are true.E) Only A and B of the above are true. D
Which of the following statements about financial markets and securities are true?A) A bond is a long-term security that promises to make periodic payments called dividends to the firm’s residual claimants.B) A debt instrument is intermediate term if its maturity is less than one year.C) A debt instrument is long term if its maturity is ten years or longer.D) The maturity of a debt instrument is the time (term) that has elapsed since it was issued. C
Which of the following statements about financial markets and securities are true?A) Few common stocks are traded over-the-counter, although the over-the-counter markets have grown in recent years.B) A corporation acquires new funds only when its securities are sold in the primary market.C) Capital market securities are usually more widely traded than longer-term securities and so tend to be more liquid.D) All of the above are true.E) Only A and B of the above are true B
Which of the following markets is sometimes organized as an over-the-counter market?A) The stock marketB) The bond marketC) The foreign exchange marketD) The federal funds marketE) all of the above E
Bonds that are sold in a foreign country and are denominated in that country’s currency are known asA) foreign bonds.B) Eurobonds.C) Eurocurrencies.D) Eurodollars. A
Bonds that are sold in a foreign country and are denominated in a currency other than that of the country in which they are sold are known asA) foreign bonds.B) Eurobonds.C) Eurocurrencies.D) Eurodollars. B
Financial intermediariesA) exist because there are substantial information and transaction costs in the economy.B) improve the lot of the small saver.C) are involved in the process of indirect finance.D) do all of the above.E) do only A and B of the above. D
The main sources of financing for businesses, in order of importance, areA) financial intermediaries, issuing bonds, issuing stocks.B) issuing bonds, issuing stocks, financial intermediaries.C) issuing stocks, issuing bonds, financial intermediaries.D) issuing stocks, financial intermediaries, issuing bonds. A
The presence of transaction costs in financial markets explains, in part, whyA) financial intermediaries and indirect finance play such an important role in financial markets.B) equity and bond financing play such an important role in financial markets.C) corporations get more funds through equity financing than they get from financial intermediaries.D) direct financing is more important than indirect financing as a source of funds. A
Financial intermediaries can substantially reduce transaction costs per dollar of transactions because their large size allows them to take advantage ofA) poorly informed consumers.B) standardization.C) economies of scale.D) their market power. C
The purpose of diversification is toA) reduce the volatility of a portfolio’s return.B) raise the volatility of a portfolio’s return.C) reduce the average return on a portfolio.D) raise the average return on a portfolio. A
An investor who puts all her funds into one asset ________ her portfolio’s ________.A) increases; diversificationB) decreases; diversificationC) increases; average returnD) decreases; average return B
Through risk-sharing activities, a financial intermediary ________ its own risk and ________ the risks of its customers.A) reduces; increasesB) increases; reducesC) reduces; reducesD) increases; increases B
The presence of ________ in financial markets leads to adverse selection and moral hazard problems that interfere with the efficient functioning of financial markets.A) noncollateralized riskB) free-ridingC) asymmetric informationD) costly state verification C
When the lender and the borrower have different amounts of information regarding a transaction, ________ is said to exist.A) asymmetric informationB) adverse selectionC) moral hazardD) fraud A
When the potential borrowers who are the most likely to default are the ones most actively seeking a loan, ________ is said to exist.A) asymmetric informationB) adverse selectionC) moral hazardD) fraud B
When the borrower engages in activities that make it less likely that the loan will be repaid, ________ is said to exist.A) asymmetric informationB) adverse selectionC) moral hazardD) fraud C
The concept of adverse selection helps to explainA) which firms are more likely to obtain funds from banks and other financial intermediaries, rather than from the securities markets.B) why indirect finance is more important than direct finance as a source of business finance.C) why direct finance is more important than indirect finance as a source of business finance.D) only A and B of the above.E) only A and C of the above. D
Adverse selection is a problem associated with equity and debt contracts arising fromA) the lender’s relative lack of information about the borrower’s potential returns and risks of his investment activities.B) the lender’s inability to legally require sufficient collateral to cover a 100 percent loss if the borrower defaults.C) the borrower’s lack of incentive to seek a loan for highly risky investments.D) none of the above. A
When the least desirable credit risks are the ones most likely to seek loans, lenders are subject to theA) moral hazard problem.B) adverse selection problem.C) shirking problem.D) free-rider problem.E) principal-agent problem. B
Successful financial intermediaries have higher earnings on their investments because they are better equipped than individuals to screen out good from bad risks, thereby reducing losses due toA) moral hazard.B) adverse selection.C) bad luck.D) financial panics. B
In financial markets, lenders typically have inferior information about potential returns and risks associated with any investment project. This difference in information is calledA) comparative informational disadvantage.B) asymmetric information.C) variant information.D) caveat venditor. B
Which of the following financial intermediaries are depository institutions?A) A savings and loan associationB) A commercial bankC) A credit unionD) All of the aboveE) Only A and C of the above D
Which of the following is a contractual savings institution?A) A life insurance companyB) A credit unionC) A savings and loan associationD) A mutual fund A
Which of the following are not investment intermediaries?A) A life insurance companyB) A pension fundC) A mutual fundD) Only A and B of the above D
Which of the following are investment intermediaries?A) Finance companiesB) Mutual fundsC) Pension fundsD) All of the aboveE) Only A and B of the above E
The government regulates financial markets for two main reasons:A) to ensure soundness of the financial system and to increase the information available to investors.B) to improve control of monetary policy and to increase the information available to investors.C) to ensure that financial intermediaries do not earn more than the normal rate of return and to improve control of monetary policy.D) to ensure soundness of financial intermediaries and to prevent financial intermediaries from earning less than the normal rate of return. A
Asymmetric information can lead to widespread collapse of financial intermediaries, referred to as aA) bank holiday.B) financial panic.C) financial disintermediation.D) financial collapse. B
Foreign currencies that are deposited in banks outside the home country are known as A) foreign bonds. B) Eurobond.C) Eurocurrencies.D) Eurodollars. C
U.S. dollars deposited in foreign banks outside the United States or in foreign branches of U.S. are referred to asA) Eurodollars.B) Eurocurrencies. C) Eurobonds.D) foreign bonds. A
Banks providing depositors with checking accounts that enable them to pay their bills easily is known asA) liquidity services.B) asset transformation.C) risk sharing.D) transaction costs. A
A ________ is when one party in a financial contract has incentives to act in its own interest rather than in the interests of the other party. A) moral hazardB) riskC) conflict of interestD) financial panic C
Fire and casualty insurance companies are what type of intermediary?A) Contractual savings institutionB) Depository institutionsC) Investment intermediariesD) None of the above A
The country whose banks are the most restricted in the range of assets they may hold is A) Japan. B) Canada.C) Germany.D) the United States. D
The largest depository institution (value of assets) at the end of 2009 wasA) commercial banks.B) pension funds.C) credit unions.D) mutual funds. A
TRUE/FALSEEvery financial market allows loans to be made. FALSE
TRUE/FALSEAn example of direct financing is if you were to lend money to your neighbor. TRUE
TRUE/FALSEThe New York Stock Exchange is an example of a primary market. FALSE
TRUE/FALSEA bond denominated in euros and issued in a country that uses the euro as its currency is an example of a Eurobond. FALSE
TRUE/FALSEMost people’s involvement with the financial system is through financial intermediaries rather than financial markets. TRUE
TRUE/FALSE A financial intermediary’s risk-sharing activities are also referred to as asset transformation. TRUE
TRUE/FALSEThe process of financial intermediation is also known as direct finance. FALSE
TRUE/FALSEA mutual fund is not a depository institution. TRUE
TRUE/FALSEA pension fund is not a contractual savings institution. FALSE
TRUE/FALSEEquity represents an ownership interest in a firm and entitles the holder to the residual cash flows. TRUE
TRUE/FALSEAdverse selection refers to those with high credit risks, being most aggressive in their search for funds. TRUE
TRUE/FALSEThe capital market is a financial market in which only short-term debt instruments (generally those with an original maturity of less than one year) are traded. FALSE
TRUE/FALSEAmerican investors pay attention to only the Dow Jones Industrial Average. FALSE
TRUE/FALSEThe government agency that insures each depositor at a commercial bank, savings and loan association, or mutual savings bank up to a loss of $100,000 per account ($250,000 for individual retirement accounts) is the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). FALSE
TRUE/FALSEMany common stocks are traded over the counter, although a majority of the largest corporations have their shares traded at organized stock exchanges. TRUE
TRUE/FALSEMany common stocks are traded at organized exchanges, although a majority of the largest corporations have their shares traded over the counter. FALSE
TRUE/FALSECorporations that issue new securities to raise capital now conduct more of this business in financial markets in Europe and Asia than in the U.S. TRUE

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *