# Finance Exam 1 Chapter 4

 1. Martha is investing \$5 today at 6 percent interest so she can have \$10 later. The \$10 is referred to as the: A. true value.B. future value.C. present value.D. discounted value.E. complex value.Refer to section 4.1. b 2. Tom earned \$120 in interest on his savings account last year. Tom has decided to leave the \$120 in his account so that he can earn interest on the \$120 this year. This process of earning interest on prior interest earnings is called: A. discounting.B. compounding.C. duplicating.D. multiplying.E. indexing.Refer to section 4.1. b 3. Jamie earned \$180 in interest on her savings account last year. She has decided to leave the \$180 in her account so that she can earn interest on the \$180 this year. The interest Jamie earns this year on this \$180 is referred to as: A. simple interest.B. complex interest.C. accrued interest.D. interest on interest.E. discounted interest.Refer to section 4.1. d 4. Lester had \$6,270 in his savings account at the beginning of this year. This amount includes both the \$6,000 he originally invested at the beginning of last year plus the \$270 he earned in interest last year. This year, Lester earned a total of \$282.15 in interest even though the interest rate on the account remained constant. This \$282.15 is best described as: A. simple interest.B. interest on interest.C. discounted interest.D. complex interest.E. compound interest.Refer to section 4.1. e 5. By definition, a bank that pays simple interest on a savings account will pay interest: A. only at the beginning of the investment period.B. on interest.C. only on the principal amount originally invested.D. on both the principal amount and the reinvested interest.E. only if all previous interest payments are reinvested.Refer to section 4.1. c 6. Sue needs to invest \$3,626 today in order for her savings account to be worth \$5,000 six years from now. Which one of the following terms refers to the \$3,626? A. Present valueB. Compound valueC. Future valueD. Complex valueE. Factor valueRefer to section 4.2. a 7. Todd will be receiving a \$10,000 bonus one year from now. The process of determining how much that bonus is worth today is called: A. aggregating.B. discounting.C. simplifying.D. compounding.E. extrapolating.Refer to section 4.2. b 8. The interest rate used to compute the present value of a future cash flow is called the: A. prime rate.B. current rate.C. discount rate.D. compound rate.E. simple rate.Refer to section 4.2. c 9. Computing the present value of a future cash flow to determine what that cash flow is worth today is called: A. compounding.B. factoring.C. time valuation.D. simple cash flow valuation.E. discounted cash flow valuation.Refer to section 4.2. e 10. Sara is investing \$1,000 today. Which one of the following will increase the future value of that amount? A. Shortening the investment time period.B. Paying interest only on the principal amount.C. Paying simple interest rather than compound interest.D. Paying interest only at the end of the investment period rather than throughout the investment period.E. Increasing the interest rate.Refer to section 4.1. e 11. Sam wants to invest \$5,000 for 5 years. Which one of the following rates will provide him with the largest future value? A. 5 percent simple interestB. 5 percent interest, compounded annuallyC. 6 percent interest, compounded annuallyD. 7 percent simple interestE. 7 percent interest, compounded annuallyRefer to section 4.1. e 12. Jenny needs to borrow \$16,000 for 3 years. The loan will be repaid in one lump sum at the end of the loan term. Which one of the following interest rates is best for Jenny? A. 8 percent simple interestB. 8 percent interest, compounded annuallyC. 8.5 percent simple interestD. 8.5 percent interest, compounded annuallyE. 9 percent interest, compounded annuallyRefer to section 4.1. a 13. Which of the following will increase the future value of a lump sum investment?I. Decreasing the interest rateII. Increasing the interest rateIII. Increasing the time periodIV. Decreasing the amount of the lump sum investment A. I and III onlyB. I and IV onlyC. II and III onlyD. II and IV onlyE. II, III, and IV onlyRefer to section 4.1. c 15. Given an interest rate of zero percent, the future value of a lump sum invested today will always: A. remain constant, regardless of the investment time period.B. decrease if the investment time period is shortened.C. decrease if the investment time period is lengthened.D. be equal to \$0.E. be infinite in value.Refer to section 4.1. a 16. Terry invested \$2,000 today in an investment that pays 6.5 percent annual interest. Which one of the following statements is correct, assuming all interest is reinvested? A. Terry will earn the same amount of interest each year.B. Terry could have the same future value and invest less than \$2,000 initially if he could earn more than 6.5 percent interest.C. Terry will earn an increasing amount of interest each and every year even if he should decide to withdraw the interest annually rather than reinvesting the interest.D. Terry’s interest for year two will be equal to \$2,000 × 0.065 × 2.E. Terry will be earning simple interest.Refer to section 4.1. b 17. Which of the following will decrease the future value of a lump sum investment made today assuming that all interest is reinvested? Assume the interest rate is a positive value.I. Increase in the interest rateII. Decrease in the lump sum amountIII. Increase in the investment time periodIV. Decrease in the investment time period A. I and III onlyB. I and IV onlyC. I, II, and III onlyD. II and III onlyE. II and IV onlyRefer to section 4.1. e 18. Which one of the following will increase the present value of a lump sum future amount? Assume the interest rate is a positive value and all interest is reinvested. A. Increase in the time periodB. Increase in the interest rateC. Decrease in the future valueD. Decrease in the interest rateE. None of theseRefer to section 4.2. d 19. Jeff deposits \$3,000 into an account which pays 2.5 percent interest, compounded annually. At the same time, Kurt deposits \$3,000 into an account paying 5 percent interest, compounded annually. At the end of three years: A. Both Jeff and Kurt will have accounts of equal value.B. Kurt will have twice the money saved that Jeff does.C. Kurt will earn exactly twice the amount of interest that Jeff earns.D. Kurt will have a larger account value than Jeff will.E. Jeff will have more money saved than Kurt.Refer to section 4.3. d 20. Lisa has \$1,000 in cash today. Which one of the following investment options is most apt to double her money? A. 6 percent interest for 3 yearsB. 12 percent interest for 5 yearsC. 7 percent interest for 9 yearsD. 8 percent interest for 9 yearsE. 6 percent interest for 10 yearsRefer to section 4.3. d 22. Centre Bank pays 2.5 percent interest, compounded annually, on its savings accounts. Country Bank pays 2.5 percent simple interest on its savings accounts. You want to deposit sufficient funds today so that you will have \$1,500 in your account 2 years from today. The amount you must deposit today: A. is the same regardless of which bank you choose because they both pay compound interest.B. is the same regardless of which bank you choose because they both pay simple interest.C. is the same regardless of which bank you choose because the time period is the same for both banks.D. will be greater if you invest with Centre Bank.E. will be greater if you invest with Country Bank.Refer to section 4.1. e 23. The present value of a lump sum future amount: A. increases as the interest rate decreases.B. decreases as the time period decreases.C. is inversely related to the future value.D. is directly related to the interest rate.E. is directly related to the time period.Refer to section 4.2. a 24. The relationship between the present value and the time period is best described as: A. direct.B. inverse.C. unrelated.D. ambiguous.E. parallel.Refer to section 4.3. b 25. Today, Courtney wants to invest less than \$5,000 with the goal of receiving \$5,000 back some time in the future. Which one of the following statements is correct? A. The period of time she has to wait until she reaches her goal is unaffected by the compounding of interest.B. The lower the rate of interest she earns, the shorter the time she will have to wait to reach her goal.C. She will have to wait longer if she earns 6 percent compound interest instead of 6 percent simple interest.D. The length of time she has to wait to reach her goal is directly related to the interest rate she earns.E. The period of time she has to wait decreases as the amount she invests today increases.Refer to section 4.1. e 26. Which one of the following is a correct statement, all else held constant? A. The present value is inversely related to the future value.B. The future value is inversely related to the period of time.C. The period of time is directly related to the interest rate.D. The present value is directly related to the interest rate.E. The future value is directly related to the interest rate.Refer to section 4.3. e
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