Finance Final

The internal rate of return is defined as the:Maximum rate of return a firm expects to earn on a project.Rate of return a project will generate if the project in financed solely with internal funds.Discount rate that equates the net cash inflows of a project to zero.Discount rate which causes the net present value of a project to equal zero.Discount rate that causes the profitability index for a project to equal zero. discount rate which causes the net present value of a project to equal zero
You are viewing a graph that plots the NPVs of a project to various discount rates that could be applied to the project’s cash flows. What is the name given to this graph?Project tract.Projected risk profile.NPV profile.NPV route.Present value sequence. NPV profile
A project has a net present value of zero. Which one of the following best describes this project?The project has a zero percent rate of return.The project requires no initial cash investment.The project has no cash flows.The summation of all of the project’s cash flows is zero.The project’s cash inflows equal its cash outflows in current dollar terms. the projects cash inflows equal its cash outflows in current dollar terms
Which one of the following will decrease the net present value of a project?Increasing the value of each of the project’s discounted cash inflows.Moving each of the cash inflows forward to a sooner time period.Decreasing the required discount rate.Increasing the project’s initial cost at time zero.Increasing the amount of the final cash inflow. increasing the project’s initial cost at time zero
If a project has a net present value equal to zero, then:The total of the cash inflows must equal the initial cost of the project.The project earns a return exactly equal to the discount rate.A decrease in the project’s initial cost will cause the project to have a negative NPV.Any delay in receiving the projected cash inflows will cause the project to have a positive NPV.The project’s PI must also be equal to zero. the project earns a return exactly equal to the discount rate
Net present value:Is the best method of analyzing mutually exclusive projects.Is less useful than the internal rate of return when comparing different sized projects.Is the easiest method of evaluation for nonfinancial managers to use.Cannot be applied when comparing mutually exclusive projects.Is very similar in its methodology to the average accounting return. is the best method of analyzing mutually exclusive projects
Which of the following are advantages of the payback method of project analysis?Considers time value of money, liquidity bias.Liquidity bias, arbitrary cutoff point.Liquidity bias, ease of use.Ignores time value of money, ease of use.Ease of use, arbitrary cutoff point. liquidity bias, ease of use
Which one of the following correctly applies to the average accounting rate of return?It considers the time value of money.It measures net income as a percentage of the sales generated by a project.It is the best method of analyzing mutually exclusive projects from a financial point of view.It is the primary methodology used in analyzing independent projects.It can be compared to the return on assets ratio. it can be compared to the return on assets ratio
Which one of the following is an advantage of the average accounting return method of analysis?Easy availability of information needed for the computation.Inclusion of time value of money considerations.The use of a cutoff rate as a benchmark.The use of pre-tax income in the computation.Use of real, versus nominal, average income. easy availability of information needed for the computation
Which one of the following statements related to the internal rate of return (IRR) is correct?The IRR yields the same accept and reject decisions as the net present value method given mutually exclusive projects.A project with an IRR equal to the required return would reduce the value of a firm if accepted.The IRR is equal to the required return when the net present value is equal to zero.Financing type projects should be accepted if the IRR exceeds the required return.The average accounting return is a better method of analysis than the IRR from a financial point of view. the IRR is equal to the required return when the net present value is equal to zero
The profitability index is most closely related to which one of the following?Payback.Discounted payback.Average accounting return.Net present value.Modified internal rate of return. net present value
Isaac has analyzed two mutually exclusive projects that have 3-year lives. Project A has an NPV of $81,406, a payback period of 2.48 years, and an AAR of 9.31 percent. Project B has an NPV of $82,909, a payback period of 2.57 years, and an AAR of 9.22 percent. The required return for Project A is 11.5 percent while it is 12 percent for Project B. Both projects have a required AAR of 9.25 percent. Isaac must make a recommendation and justify it in 15 words or less. What should his recommendation be?Accept both projects because both NPVs are positive.Accept Project A because it has the shortest payback period.Accept Project B and reject Project A based on the NPVs.Accept Project A and reject Project B based on their AARs.Accept Project A because it has the lower required return. accept project B and reject project A based on the NPVs.
In actual practice, managers most frequently use which two types of investment criteria?NPV and payback.AAR and IRR.IRR and NPV.IRR and payback.NPV and PI. IRR and NPV
Which two methods of project analysis are the most biased towards short-term projects?Net present value and internal rate of return.Internal rate of return and profitability index.Payback and discounted payback.Net present value and discounted payback.Discounted payback and profitability index. payback and discounted payback
Which one of the following statements is correct concerning market efficiency?Real asset markets are more efficient than financial markets.If a market is efficient, arbitrage opportunities should be common.In an efficient market, some market participants will have an advantage over others.A firm will generally receive a fair price when it issues new shares of stock if the market is efficient.New information will gradually be reflected in a stock’s price to avoid any sudden change in the price of the stock if the market is efficient. a firm will generally receive a fair price when it issues new shares of stock if the market is efficient
Which one of the following earned the highest risk premium over the period 1926-2013?Long-term corporate bondsU.S. Treasury billsSmall-company stocksLarge-company stocksLong-term government bonds small-company stocks
A news flash just appeared that caused about a dozen stocks to suddenly drop in value by 20 percent. What type of risk does this news flash best represent?PortfolioNon diversifiableMarketUnsystematicTotal unsystematic
1.The cost of preferred stock is computed the same as the __________A.pre-tax cost of debtB.rate of return on an annuity.C.after-tax cost of debt.D.rate of return on a perpetuity.E.cost of an irregular growth common stock. D. rate of return on a perpetuity
Which one of the following statements concerning net present value (NPV) is most CORRECT?A.An investment should be accepted if, and only if, the NPV is exactly equal to zero.B.An investment should be accepted only if the NPV is equal to the initial cash flow.C.An investment should be accepted if the NPV is positive and rejected if it is negative.D.An investment with greater cash inflows than cash outflows, regardless of when the cash flows occur, will always have a positive NPV and therefore should always be accepted.E.Any project that has positive cash flows for every time period after the initial investment should be accepted. C. an investment should be accepted if the NPV is positive and rejected if it is negative
The internal rate of return is defined as the:A. Maximum rate of return a firm expects to earn on a project.B. Rate of return a project will generate if the project is financed solely with internal funds.C. Discount rate that equates the net cash inflows of a project to zero.D. Discount rate which causes the net present value of a project to equal zero.E. Discount rate that causes the profitability index for a project to equal zero. D. discount rate which causes the net present value of a project to equal zero
The length of time a firm must wait to recoup, in present value terms, the money it has in invested in a project is referred to as the ______A. net present value period.B. internal return period. C. payback period.D. discounted profitability period. E. discounted payback period. discounted payback period
You are viewing a graph that plots the NPVs of a project to various discount rates that could be applied to the project’s cash flows. What is the name given to this graph? A.Breakeven analysis graph B.project risk profileC.NPV profile D.NPV routeE.present value sequence C. NPV profile
A project has a net present value (NPV) of zero. Which one of the following best describes this project?A.The project has a zero percent rate of return. B.The project requires no initial cash investment. C.The project has no cash flows.D.The project’s cash inflows equal its cash outflows in present dollar terms.E.The total project cash flows equals zero. D. the project’s cash inflows equal its cash outflows in present dollar terms
Last year, T-bills returned 2 percent while your investment in large-company stocks earned an average of 5 percent. Which one of the following terms refers to the difference between these two rates of return?A.Risk premiumB.Geometric returnC.ArithmeticD.Standard deviationE.Variance A. risk premium
Which of the following statement is mostCORRECT?A. One must know the discount rate to compute the NPV of a project but one can compute the IRR without referring to the discount rate.B. One must know the discount rate to compute the IRR of a project but one can compute the NPV without referring to the discount rate.C. Payback method accounts for time value of money.D. There will always be one IRR regardless of the patterns and signs of cash flows.E. Average accounting return is the ratio of total assets to total net income. A. One must know the discount rate to compute the NPV of a project but one can compute the IRR without referring to the discount rate
Standard deviation of stock returns measures the _____ risk of the stock. A. nondiversifiableB. total C. unsystematicD. economicE. systematic B. total
The slope of an asset’s security market line (SML) is the ___________: A. reward-to-risk ratio.B. portfolio weight.C. beta coefficient.D. risk-free interest rate.E. market risk premium. E. market risk premium
Most people would readily agree that the stock market is NOT _________.A.rationalB.weak-form efficientC.Semi-strong-form efficientD.strong-form efficientE.efficient at all D. strong-from efficient
Unsystematic risk ________ A.can be effectively eliminated by portfolio diversification.B.is compensated for by the risk premium.C.is measured by beta.D.is best measured by the reward to risk ratio. E.Represents the market risk. A. can be effectively eliminated by portfolio diversification
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) periodically charges individuals with insider trading and claims those individuals have made unfair profits. Given this, one would be most likely to suggest that the stocks markets are less than _____ form efficient.A.WeakB.Semi weakC.Semi strongD.StrongE.Perfect D. strong
The average compound return earned per year over a multiyear period is called the _____ average return.ArithmeticStandardVariantGeometricReal geometric
The return earned in an average year over a multiyear period is called the _____ average return.ArithmeticStandardVariantGeometricReal arithmetic
Assume all stock prices fairly reflect all of the available information on those stocks. Which one of the following terms best defines the stock market under these conditions?Riskless marketEvenly distributed marketZero volatility marketBlume’s marketEfficient capital market efficient capital market
Small-company stocks, as the term is used in the textbook, are best defined as the:500 newest corporations in the U.S.Firms whose stock trades otc.Smallest twenty percent of the firms listed on the NYSE.Smallest twenty-five percent of the firms listed on NASDAQ.Firms whose stock is listed on NASDAQ. smallest twenty percent of the firms listen on the NYSE
Which one of the following is the most likely reason why a stock price might not react at all on the day that new information related to the stock’s issuer is released? Assume the market is semi strong form efficient.Company insiders were aware of the information prior to the announcementInvestors do not pay attention to daily newsInvestors tend to overreactThe news was positiveThe information was expected the information was expected
Which one of the following statements is correct concerning market efficiency?Real asset markets are more efficient than financial markets.If a market is efficient, arbitrage opportunities should be common.In an efficient market, some market participants will have an advantage over others.A firm will generally receive a fair price when it issues new shares of stock if the market is efficient.New information will gradually be reflected in a stock’s price to avoid any sudden change in the price of the stock if the market is efficient. a firm will generally receive a fair price when it issues new shares of stock if the market is efficient
Efficient financial markets fluctuate continuously because:The markets are continually reacting to old information as that information is absorbed.The markets are continually reacting to new information.Arbitrage trading is limited.Current trading systems require human intervention.Investments produce varying levels of net present values. the markets are continually reacting to new information
Inside information has the least value when financial markets are:Weak form efficient.Semi weak form efficient.Semi strong form efficient.Strong form efficient.Inefficient. strong form efficient
Which one of the following is a positively sloped linear function that is created when expected returns are graphed against security betas?Reward-to-risk matrixPortfolio weight graphNormal distributionSecurity market lineMarket real returns security market line
Which one of the following is represented by the slope of the security market line?Reward-to-risk ratioMarket standard deviationBeta coefficientRisk-free interest rateMarket risk premium market risk premium
Which one of the following is the formula that explains the relationship between the expected return on a security and the level of that security’s systematic risk?Capital asset pricing modelTime value of money equationUnsystematic risk equationMarket performance equationExpected risk formula capital asset pricing model
Treynor Industries is investing in a new project. The minimum rate of return the firm requires on this project is referred to as the: Average arithmetic return.Expected return.Market rate of return.Internal rate of return.Cost of capital. cost of capital
The standard deviation of a portfolio:Is a measure of that portfolio’s systematic risk.Is a weighted average of the standard deviations of the individual securities held in that portfolio.Measures the amount of diversifiable risk inherent in the portfolio.Serves as the basis for computing the appropriate risk premium for that portfolio.Can be less than the weighted average of the standard deviations of the individual securities held in that portfolio. can be less than the weighted average of the standard deviations of the individual securities held in that portfolio
Which one of the following statements related to unexpected returns is correct?All announcements by a firm affect that firm’s unexpected returns.Unexpected returns over time have a negative effect on the total return of a firm.Unexpected returns are relatively predictable in the short-term.Unexpected returns generally cause the actual return to vary significantly from the expected return over the long-term.Unexpected returns can be either positive or negative in the short term but tend to be zero over the long-term. unexpected returns can be either positive or negative in the short term but tend to be zero over the long-term
Which one of the following is an example of systematic risk? Investors panic causing security prices around the globe to fall precipitously.A flood washes away a firm’s warehouse.A city imposes an additional one percent sales tax on all products.A toymaker has to recall its top-selling toy.Corn prices increase due to increased demand for alternative fuels. investors panic causing security prices around the globe to fall precipitously
Which of the following statements concerning risk are correct? I. Non diversifiable risk is measured by beta.II. The risk premium increases as diversifiable risk increases.III. Systematic risk is another name for non diversifiable risk.IV. Diversifiable risks are market risks you cannot avoid.I and III only.II and IV only.I and II only.III and IV only.I, II, and III only. I and III only
The intercept point of the security market line is the rate of return which corresponds to:The risk-free rate.The market rate.A return of zero.A return of 1.0 percent.The market risk premium. the risk-free rate
A stock with an actual return that lies above the security market line has:More systematic risk than the overall market.More risk than that warranted by CAPM.A higher return than expected for the level of risk assumed.Less systematic risk than the overall market.A return equivalent to the level of risk assumed. a higher return than expected for the level of risk assumed
The market rate of return is 11 percent and the risk-free rate of return is 3 percent. Lexant stock has 3 percent less systematic risk than the market and has an actual return of 12 percent. This stock:Is underpriced.Is correctly priced.Will plot below the security market line.Will plot on the security market line.Will plot to the right of the overall market on a security market line graph. is underpriced
The reward-to-risk ratio for stock A is less than the reward-to-risk ratio of stock B. Stock A has a beta of 0.82 and stock B has a beta of 1.29. This information implies that:Stock A is riskier than stock B and both stocks are fairly priced.Stock A is less risky than stock B and both stocks are fairly priced.Either stock A is underpriced or stock B is overpriced or both.Either stock A is overpriced or stock B is underpriced or both.Both stock A and stock B are correctly priced since stock A is riskier than stock B. either stock A is overpriced or stock B is underpriced or both
The _____ of a security divided by the beta of that security is equal to the slope of the security market line if the security is priced fairly.Real returnActual returnNominal returnRisk premiumExpected return risk premium
The weighted average cost of capital for a firm can depend on all of the following except the:Firm’s beta.Coupon rate of the outstanding bonds.Growth rate of the firm’s dividends.Firm’s marginal tax rate.Standard deviation of the firm’s common stock. standard deviation of the firm’s common stock
The dividend growth model cannot be used to compute the cost of equity for a firm that:Pays an increasing dividend.Reduces its dividend on a regular basis.Has a dividend payout ratio of 100 percent.Pays a constant dividend year after year.Has a retention ratio of 100 percent. has a retention ratio of 100 percent

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